Warning: Illegal string offset 'url' in /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/tcpdf/tcpdf.php on line 18625

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/tcpdf/tcpdf.php:18625) in /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced.php on line 187

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/tcpdf/tcpdf.php:18625) in /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced.php on line 188

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/tcpdf/tcpdf.php:18625) in /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced.php on line 189

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/tcpdf/tcpdf.php:18625) in /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced.php on line 190

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/tcpdf/tcpdf.php:18625) in /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced.php on line 192

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/tcpdf/tcpdf.php:18625) in /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced.php on line 193

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/tcpdf/tcpdf.php:18625) in /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced.php on line 194

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/tcpdf/tcpdf.php:18625) in /home/oceanwealth/public_html/marineplanningwebsite/wp-content/plugins/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced.php on line 212
%PDF-1.7 % 8 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 1 0 R /LastModified (D:20210925053949+00'00') /Resources 2 0 R /MediaBox [0.000000 0.000000 612.000000 792.000000] /CropBox [0.000000 0.000000 612.000000 792.000000] /BleedBox [0.000000 0.000000 612.000000 792.000000] /TrimBox [0.000000 0.000000 612.000000 792.000000] /ArtBox [0.000000 0.000000 612.000000 792.000000] /Contents 9 0 R /Rotate 0 /Group << /Type /Group /S /Transparency /CS /DeviceRGB >> /PZ 1 >> endobj 9 0 obj <> stream x\rܶS2Q6iO2mc'L e%7$Wyep%{mV3$|?G*ĝ[E3XK޾Z|*ZIK\o__ȧ|QbV*ɒ4Ӣܿ׉K5{򚖏)>M3S~}5VxLቌ&*UyFr$1kg* g̺kWE?Y\0p;cyRL xtPArߟtE,еo=E*žM$)\qݙ~Fz%ST(Mh֏a#3>L6-64(:S7C/]g豺{,ƟSY ZMeﹺ|J+Wv.J́p5QmұBzX(*&pf)@վj4#L!\IlxRɺ _Vk Y  r>]5MYü1υٵtt^-jcbY՜ܙocьJԎ, 7aTFQO8[,q]>''fAoYU $npŒK]F4~ujݖcSA8ѦЃlTSÄ U쟢IԜ w;l ELWrTBᐶkۊ g52o.ܲȲ53򶫠 &󃗲_Պ󉞳 ̶ Q;f kfmk6/:yp36ޛSv=R}8!6[l_YO tXqJ ;acUy#%{a#v凖gv}p'< z3++X-16F+팀)Zk(=*yw%Ll 5Qu5}l7hG8NǛ@4S!L6xpqpdM">NK1+ 𳰠U8ZWcl,ϸ6Ӿѥg@X e ö =? g碍 r  Hv}=Jgp?֋Q>>nxcGtP;aJr~c\y&tJ#Eq$NȂq,@tpi1_)b7@JyE$RRS2|%s S`090) Yr~TIJ8$SZXVaJHDG sa$β^\%<3q܁yA)fqX8t$XL&37-+)# `.D'Y)HiK7@iqURM+w_鄙`bwOHIH\LߧG%PHGQG#6NtL);j8J̤R;Xa^/[pY *|G81_eYL yZla 1 |mL Ԝ N[b(uD8gԀ{ kq <e$U₞7LbK2s%m,ɑĴs i8Jrr,Aȁf1EF0(OKᱤwJ4]+#VsЎ VZ'q)̖$ٴft>[\%V[d8'FO5DXXHݱik$6J:2,wL[.WYDqnwl tɔI5q)*r";)YFQ鼠WH|(> \Yb09wi$`*SPD6񬨂ކ 0`9!uyffe&ƾ0fldX3Igh9]!4:b4kmOPH 6(/g U"k"05bJۇM-J8;R@\2PL\i u(0_@d|y.!8!Rrʐ1_r-u!ǚ/ 9R}U&俭KBΜ"!g 緯bX@ ]HA` %, .t PyX@](@` ,.?ƖB1K?`Ǩ/u_d곘'<Ǩ/g)cc.jQ_1YJ=G_1 =heǕ8"#x|X*< ;λ{ˣ{5)ʪ'S]Q$GH! B )R7Hk A ) R'HAK  A )R H+N @ )RH   @ (QGA? ~(QGˏ ? }(Q죠GN> |(Q䣀GA > {(頹ޞX{:週m= z0(QңGAC~< y0(QʣG#>l< x4(Q£Os2MiLkH_&4w~} J; hB1{:_~53ވ/W҂_S/soq{YBJE=ouwf<~?[? |& endstream endobj 10 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 1 0 R /LastModified (D:20210925053949+00'00') /Resources 2 0 R /MediaBox [0.000000 0.000000 612.000000 792.000000] /CropBox [0.000000 0.000000 612.000000 792.000000] /BleedBox [0.000000 0.000000 612.000000 792.000000] /TrimBox [0.000000 0.000000 612.000000 792.000000] /ArtBox [0.000000 0.000000 612.000000 792.000000] /Contents 11 0 R /Rotate 0 /Group << /Type /Group /S /Transparency /CS /DeviceRGB >> /Annots [ 6 0 R 7 0 R ] /PZ 1 >> endobj 11 0 obj <> stream xQs8)6з&ir5=Z5}jmɕdA;ܷ M!iz;%aȖ~jwm=_^#l.^7=g}nO~38֎[^A_cN1p3ϻz`pmc1k гV_@% S,*M& Si!("\[0)&$I(QL3ٜ>f oZ*,I IsQ2NxH*2!5LP2Is 9ht阉H!&ʹzMYdY!%F#To}H%ލN Z% <{;s&7bkE0L(6sz><\B($hF [<ԐY2\xz %1i"rƦ6sz |F8Wf4TV1hi` 9eFA8hZ 8vĆ6Sr_Qb4 T0#Y0kJu,"YiPKiz4! VdZq6CrR2\: Qdt45]qڼwNmRGzC *C)>R]C]7}ij fﴵc%"  0|ӹ1o'&tW3wkV{[/E56'DYYNP8n5\`Kʠ牘[o &̥0ǘd.0$MiW?x#M\IՓ_>eB&:CԹ\`A0ɲou_,bm6͍{m$-4uXe5[I?LbM ͎HYR9 1Ԫ\Ó2,fB# åIi Fg1:+0f"؎)aJ9&mNASDic*BS@$ŹbL(y)7L۲FTi6zME&L(ҐBJ)9 M V6h -WcEqE3)`SU(+?=!sq7`m{K,faW;,_ǻAsI-?˜% o9ׯ8!0z'ḳ5gqg9u뉇7{ ٷZA/} ݾ5O_P_aD$f1?;)i7? endstream endobj 1 0 obj << /Type /Pages /Kids [ 8 0 R 10 0 R ] /Count 2 >> endobj 3 0 obj <> endobj 5 0 obj <> endobj 4 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Form /FormType 1 /Filter /FlateDecode /BBox [0.000000 0.000000 612.000000 76.535433] /Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0] /Resources << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI] /Font << /F2 5 0 R /F1 3 0 R >> >> /Length 245 >> stream xj0w?ۡ$[@ BrdlC^  |J!}`5xQ %\+(A8BAoAMR^B7D]!# (û[WiZ> /XObject << /XT4 4 0 R >> >> endobj 6 0 obj <> /H /I>> endobj 7 0 obj <> /H /I>> endobj 12 0 obj << /Title (Jamaica \(Pedro Bank\)) /Author (Marine Planning) /Creator (WP Post to PDF Enhanced plugin by Lewis Rosenthal \(http://www.2rosenthals.net/wordpress/help/general-help/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/\) with TCPDF) /Producer (TCPDF 6.2.6 \(http://www.tcpdf.org\)) /CreationDate (D:20210925053949+00'00') /ModDate (D:20210925053949+00'00') /Trapped /False >> endobj 13 0 obj << /Type /Metadata /Subtype /XML /Length 4412 >> stream application/pdf Jamaica (Pedro Bank) Marine Planning TCPDF 2021-09-25T05:39:49+00:00 WP Post to PDF Enhanced plugin by Lewis Rosenthal (http://www.2rosenthals.net/wordpress/help/general-help/wp-post-to-pdf-enhanced/) with TCPDF 2021-09-25T05:39:49+00:00 2021-09-25T05:39:49+00:00 TCPDF TCPDF 6.2.6 (http://www.tcpdf.org) uuid:b20cb656-c292-1de1-a764-dd39202400d5 uuid:b20cb656-c292-1de1-a764-dd39202400d5 http://ns.adobe.com/pdf/1.3/ pdf Adobe PDF Schema http://ns.adobe.com/xap/1.0/mm/ xmpMM XMP Media Management Schema internal UUID based identifier for specific incarnation of a document InstanceID URI http://www.aiim.org/pdfa/ns/id/ pdfaid PDF/A ID Schema internal Part of PDF/A standard part Integer internal Amendment of PDF/A standard amd Text internal Conformance level of PDF/A standard conformance Text endstream endobj 14 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Version /1.7 /Pages 1 0 R /Names << >> /ViewerPreferences << /Direction /L2R >> /PageLayout /SinglePage /PageMode /UseNone /OpenAction [8 0 R /FitH null] /Metadata 13 0 R >> endobj xref 0 15 0000000000 65535 f 0000006229 00000 n 0000007035 00000 n 0000006295 00000 n 0000006512 00000 n 0000006401 00000 n 0000007160 00000 n 0000007672 00000 n 0000000015 00000 n 0000000465 00000 n 0000004166 00000 n 0000004642 00000 n 0000007944 00000 n 0000008539 00000 n 0000013034 00000 n trailer << /Size 15 /Root 14 0 R /Info 12 0 R /ID [ ] >> startxref 13243 %%EOF Jamaica (Pedro Bank) | Marine Planning

Jamaica (Pedro Bank)

Overview

Located approximately 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Jamaica, Pedro Bank is a biologically and economically-significant area. Its three sandy islands (cays) are composed of coral reefs, sand, and sea grass beds. It makes up Jamaica’s main commercial and artisanal fishing grounds, serves as the primary harvesting area for queen conch, and is also an important nesting area for both seabirds and sea turtles.

In response to increased fishing and transportation pressure, as well as oil exploration, the Government of Jamaica agreed to use a PGIS (Participatory GIS) approach to develop a range of options that could be used as a starting point for marine spatial planning, with the intention of creating a zoning plan for Pedro Bank.  This process started with preliminary research into existing data sources and data groups, as well as meetings with relevant government agencies and key stakeholders from civil society and private sector. This phase also included mapping exercises with artisanal fishers to gain insight into common place names and locally used units of measurement in the area.

This was followed by a period of stakeholder outreach which employed a variety of methods, ranging from informational brochures, press releases, email lists, and presentations.  The data collection and creation component of the project consisted of marine field surveys to validate and assess habitat data from remote sensing sources, as well as a participatory mapping component.  Participatory research methods (e.g., semi-structured interviews, questionnaires, and mapping exercises) with key stakeholders were used to fill data gaps, validate existing data and incorporate local knowledge into the planning process. One mapping exercise specifically engaged commercial and artisanal fishers, who provided spatial data on the extent of fishing grounds, nursery areas and priority fishing areas. Fishers also provided information on illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing, and recommendations on conservation areas and fishing zones.

Based on these efforts, the team created a spatial database and related maps of both conservation and human use-themed datasets. The team also developed maps of recommended potential locations for new conservation areas and fishing zones, which were evaluated in subsequent stakeholder meetings.  The team recommended a series of subsequent steps to support the implementation of zoning design, to include management plans, legal analyses, and the development of a monitoring and enforcement program.

TNC’s Role

  • Financing
  • Process facilitation
  • Science/technical expertise

TNC played a role assisting with establishing an endowment. The Caribbean Challenge Initiative will help provide financial support for the preserve under the Caribbean Biodiversity Fund. TNC has made an initial pledge of $8 million USD into the fund. The National Environment and Planning Agency contracted TNC to conduct participatory GIS (PGIS) leading to the development of the MSP and zoning design. TNC led the study to analyze various types of information needed for MSP in Pedro Bank and applied methodology to develop ecosystem-based information for Pedro Bank, and began co-managing the site in 2011.

Project Partners

Lead Institution: TNC

Other Partners: Government of Jamaica – National Environment and Planning Agency, Global Environment Fund, United Nations Development Programme, Jamaica Environment Trust, USAID (Funder)

Status

The Pedro Bank MSP was accepted by the National Environment and Planning Agency. which contracted TNC to conduct the PGIS leading to the development of the MSP and zoning design.  However the MSP requires a multi-agency approval and that is under consideration by the Government. A Management Plan was updated and this, along with the MSP, has been used to bring focus to areas in need of conservation on the Bank.  Based on this information, the National Environment and Planning Agency is planning to declare three marine protected areas as a result.

Fact Sheets and Project Links

The Pedro Bank Reserve

Baldwin, K., Schill, S., Zenny, N., Blake, D. 2014. Developing Ecosystem-Based Information for Marine Spatial Planning on the Pedro Bank, Jamaica. Proceedings of the 67t Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute. Christ Church, Barbados.