Marine Planning
Practical Approaches to Ocean and Coastal Decision-Making

USA – Pacific Northwest
Land - Sea Integration

Boat at fish weir. Photo © Chris Seufert


Land and sea are connected by flowing water, movements of migratory fish, and many other linkages. But science, conservation, management and planning have often been divided at the boundaries of land, river and sea. This case study demonstrates an approach to integrate across ecosystems to improve management outcomes.

Why Integrate?

Given the historical divisions in science, conservation and management across the coastal zone, efforts to integrate across terrestrial, freshwater, and marine environments could improve the ecological accuracy and the spatial and economic efficiency of biodiversity conservation plans.


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